Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition: DSM-5
The DSM 5 clearly states that all Vision Disorders must be ruled out before a learning disorder diagnosis can be given.
DSM 5 Diagnosis Fact Sheet
“The individual’s difficulties must not be better explained by developmental, neurological, sensory (vision or hearing), or motor disorders and must significantly interfere with academic achievement, occupational performance, or activities of daily living.”
COVD has compiled a collection of White Papers to educate parents, educators and health care professionals.
- Vision Skills
- School Vision Screenings
- Strabismus and Amblyopia
- Myopia (Nearsightness)
- Reversals (of letters)
- Vision and Learning
- Vision and Dyslexia
- Bifocals for Children
- What is Optometric Vision Therapy
- Referral Protocol-Ethics
- Vision Based Learning Problems
- Vision and Autism
- Distinction between Vision Therapy and Orthoptics
For those living in California, California recognizes Vision Therapy in their California Special Education Reference .
CALIFORNIA SPECIAL EDUCATION REFERENCE
CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS (CCR)
Title 5. Education
Division 1. California Department of Education
Chapter 3. Individuals with Exceptional Needs
Subchapter 1. Special Education
Article 5. Implementation (Program Components)
§ 3051.75. Vision Therapy.
(a) Vision therapy may include: Remedial and/or developmental instruction provided directly by or in consultation with the optometrist, ophthalmologist, or other qualified licensed physician and surgeon provided ongoing care to the individual.
(b) Vision therapy shall be provided by an optometrist, ophthalmologist, or by appropriate qualified school personnel when prescribed by a licensed optometrist, ophthalmologist, or other qualified licensed physician and surgeon.
(c) Procedures which may be utilized by qualified personnel are those procedures authorized by federal and state laws and regulations and performed in accordance with these laws and regulations and standards of the profession.
Note: Authority cited: Sections 56100 and 56366.1, Education Code. Reference: Section 56363, Education Code; and 34 C.F.R. Sections 300.34 and 300.156(b)(1).